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Why Saliva is Vital in Maintaining Oral Hygiene The best weapon we have to fight decay is the saliva produced by the glands surrounding the oral cavity. Saliva is made of over 99.5 percent water the remaining components of saliva include ions such as sodium, potassium chloride and various phosphates and mucous . All of these elements work together to offer buffers that help in regulating the PH in the oral cavity and creating enzymes that help in beginning the process of breaking down our food. Saliva’s crucial function isn’t merely moistening the mouth cavity which promotes the movement of food through the gastrointestinal system and speech but to fight enamel erosion that facilitates tooth decay. If the bacteria found in the mouth aren’t reduced and neutralized with the help of saliva, demineralization of the hard tissues, such as enamel will occur causing progressive degradation of the tooth natural thing will follow. There are many factors which affect the production of saliva. Though there are many elements that contribute to lowering the production of saliva, it is most times difficult to isolate the issue stemming from one specific factor. Reasons like depression, mouth breathing, aging, and smoking are among the normal culprits that lead to a drier mouth. But, in most cases, the incidence of dry mouth syndrome or xerostomia is diagnosed to be as a consequence of general body causes instead of the community oral cavity issues. The most typical motives for xerostomia are using medications that decrease the production of saliva, remedial irradiation that’s used as a treatment for neck and head cancers and several gastrointestinal problems. There are many drugs which have the side effect of making the mouth dry. It is quite hard to find an aging adult that does not take more than one medication that deters the production of saliva. An autoimmune disease known as Sjogren’s syndrome is famous for the damage it generates to salivary glands. This syndrome is most times associated with the different rheumatoid diseases. Radiation therapy, used for the treatment of head and neck cancers most times damages salivary glands and halts or lowers salivary production. With many body triggers that result in dry mouth syndrome; folks must be adept in maximizing the resources available to increase salivary creation.
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Luckily, there are measures that one can take to increase the salivary flow to replace oral secretions. Adequate hydration is vital and should be assessed. An individual should follow good oral hygiene practices with daily brushing and flossing.
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One could purchase over the counter fluoride rinses which help In supplying an extra barrier to help in protecting your teeth in the occurrence of decay. In case radiation treatment is proposed to treat cancer, your dentist can make fluoride trays to protect the teeth during radiation treatment.